Types of Occupational Therapy Specialties, Settings & Interventions

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Are you here because you are looking for the types of the occupational therapy specialties, settings and interventions? If the answer to the question is yes, today must be a good day as you come to the right place where you will be informed about everything that you are looking for. Continue reading until the end and make a note if needed.

Types of Occupational Therapy Specialties

Apparently, there are a total of nine unique occupational therapy specialties. Feel free to choose the one certification that is best for you. These nine includes:

  • Gerontology (BCG)
  • Mental health (BCMH)
  • Pediatrics (BCP)
  • Physical rehabilitation (BCPR)
  • Driving and community mobility (SCDCM or SCDCM-A)
  • Environmental modification (SCEM or SCEM-A)
  • Feeding, eating, and swallowing (SCFES or SCFES-A)
  • Low vision (SCLV or SCLV-A)
  • School systems (SCSS or SCSS_A)

Types of Occupational Therapy Specialties, Settings and Interventions
These followings will explain only the first one, which is gerontology. If you are interested in this specialty, you can keep going. Make sure to understand everything about it before deciding to choose this specialty.

As stated by the American Occupational Therapy Association, Gerontology Occupational Therapists are the ones that work with old people. The activities can take place in their homes, in their workplaces, in their communities, or in the facilities. These elderly people need this service due to a few factors, including wanting to stay in their home as they age, needing someone who can drive safety, needing someone who help them recover from a stroke or a hip replacement, needing someone who can help them as they have to deal with Alzheimer and low vision, and many more.

In the world of occupational therapy, gerontology is actually popular and is named as one of the most common specialties. The reason is because the ones who need their service. Due to the high demand, it means there are a lot of professional opportunities. This specialty offers everyone who is interested in it to work in a few different settings, such as hospitals, outpatient rehabilitation centers, skilled nursing facilities and nursing homes, and in-home healthcare.

For the other occupational therapy specialties, Google is your friend. Aside from that, you are also encouraged to look for the ones who take these specialties to find out more about them. A lot of them can be found online so you can just hit on them through the likes of social media.

Types of Occupational Therapy Settings

For everyone who is interested in working with adults, there are a lot of settings to choose from. The ones who are interested in this should be ready to deal with a lot of different challenges that are faced by the adults. The adults that usually use this service are usually the ones who are going through a major life change. They usually have illness, the ones with injuries, the ones after getting through surgeries, the ones with psychological disorders, or the ones with disability. In these settings, the occupational therapists are in charge of giving the unique strategies and interventions that can help them to do a lot of things by themselves.

Here is the list of the most common of the occupational therapy settings that are based on adult:

  • Acute Care
  • Acute Inpatient Rehab
  • Subacute Rehab/Skilled Nursing Facilities
  • Home Health
  • Outpatient Hand Therapy
  • Neuro Outpatient Therapy
  • Mental Health
  • Workplace Ergonomics
  • Academic and research settings

Every occupational therapist with pediatrics specialty is also able to work in a few different settings, such as:

  • School system
  • Outpatient pediatrics
  • Hospital based pediatrics
  • Early intervention OT

Types of Occupational Therapy Inventions

The use of occupations and activities, preparatory methods and tasks, education and training, advocacy, and group interventions are included as the occupational therapy interventions to facilitate engagement in occupations to promote health and participation. Every example mentioned before shows the types of interventions occupational therapy practitioners provide and are not intended to be all inclusive.

Occupations and Activities:

Occupations and activities chosen as interventions for certain clients and are made to meet therapeutic goals. Not only that, they are also made to address the underlying needs of the mind, body, and spirit of the client. To be able to use occupations and activities therapeutically, the activity demands and client factors in relation to the client’s therapeutic goals, contexts, and environments should be considered by the practitioner.

Occupations: Client-directed daily life activities that match and support or address identified participation goals.

The client:

  • Completing morning dressing and hygiene using adaptive devices
  • Buying groceries and prepares a meal
  • Visiting a friend using public transportation independently

Category: Occupations

Description: –


  • Applying for a job in the retail industry
  • Playing on a playground with both children and adults
  • Joining a community festival by setting up a booth to sell backed goods
  • Involving in a pattern of self-care and relaxation activities in preparation for sleep
  • involving in a statewide advocacy program to improve services to people with mental illness

Category: Activities


Actions are made and chosen to support the development of performance skills and performance patterns to improve occupational engagement. Usually, the activities are components of occupations and always have meaning, relevance, and perceived utility for clients at their level of interest and motivation.


The client:

  • Choosing clothing and manipulating clothing fasteners in advance of dressing
  • Doing safe methods to get into and out of the bathtub
  • Listing a food and practicing using cooking appliances

Category: Activities

Description: –


The client:

  • Reviewing the way to use a map and transportation schedule
  • Writing down answers on an application form
  • Climbing on and off playground and recreation equipment
  • Saying hello to people and being the one that starts the conversation in a role play situation
  • Developing a schedule for a week to manage time and organize daily and weekly responsibilities required to live independently
  • Using adaptive switches in order to operate the home environmental control system
  • Completing a desired expressive activity, including art, craft, dance that is not otherwise classified
  • Playing the game that they want either as a solo player or in a team

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